New Literature 1999-2003

6 March 20053

For literature on paper historical subjects please refer to
the Dutch Royal Library and Die Deutsche Bibliothek, Leipzig

Most of the books on paper history that are listed below
can be ordered from

Peter F. Tschudin, Grundzüge der Papiergeschichte, Stuttgart (Hiersemann-Verlag) 2002

Manual of Paper History, in German only; Band 12 der Reihe "Bibliothek des Buchwesens"
XII/372 Seiten mit 97 teils farbigen Abbildungen, 37 Tabellen; ISBN 3-7772-0208-8; Price: Euro 149.- (bound).
Contents/Inhalt: Papiergeschichte als historische Disziplin; Papier als Werkstoff; papierhistorische Methodik; Geschichtlicher Abriss (von den Papier-Vorläufern bis zur Gegenwart); Buntpapiere; technikhistorische Aspekte spezieller Papier-Anwendungen; Alterung des Papiers und Papier-Restaurierung; Register (Personen, Orte, Sachen). Anhänge: Auswahl historischer Sorten-, Mass- und Mengenbezeichnungen; IPH-Normentwurf zur Erfassung von Papieren mit oder ohne Wasserzeichen, mit illustriertem Wasserzeichen-Typenkatalog.

Thomas Gravell, George Miller, Elizabeth Walsh, American watermarks, 1690-1835 (Reprint), New Castle (Oak Knoll Press) 2002

397 p., 1057 ill.; ISBN: 1-58456-068-1; Price ca. $ 85.00 / Dfl 187.00 / EURO 85.00
In 1979 Thomas Gravell and George Miller published an interim edition which illustrated over 700 examples together with some thumbnail histories of the paper mills that produced them. Using all the original 1979 watermarks, now in the Special Collection Department of the University of Delaware Library, this edition adds more than 300 new watermarks found by Mr. Gravell during the past twenty years. In all, 1,057 watermarks have now been computer enhanced and tripled indexed for better identification. Meanwhile, Elizabeth Walsh of the Folger Library edited a great deal of new information from leading scholars and enthusiasts. This new corpus of research corrected and updated the numerous mill histories, indexes, glossary, and the bibliography.

Nicolas Barker, Potiencie of life: books in society, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2001

8vo., stiff paper wrappers. 216. $29.95 (Oak Knoll Books ref. 63475)
First Edition. This important work is the latest in our series The British Library Studies in the History of the Book. The leading biblio-scholars shed a fascinating light on many aspects of the history of the book. The exceptionally wide range of topics relates to manuscripts as well as the printed book. Essays cover papermaking in America, hand bookbinding, authorship and maritime publishing in 18th-century Britain. Of special interest to the business historian are the discussions of the financing of these operations. It is this process of interdependent exchange that is the central theme to the essays which are based on lectures given at the William Andrews Clark Library. Essay titles include:
- American Papermakers and the Panic of 1819 by John Bidwell
- Bookbinding and the History of Books by Mirjam M. Foot
- A New Model for the Study of the Book by Thomas R. Adams and Nicolas Barker
- The Codex in the Fifteenth Century: A Manuscript and Print by Lotte Hellinga
- The Trade of Authorship in eighteenth century Britain by W.B. Carnochan
- Libraries and the Mind of Man by Nicolas Barker
This work is a reprint of the first edition and is co-published with The British Library.
(Publication Date: August 2001)

John Krill, English artists'paper: Renaissance to Regency, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2001

Large 8vo., cloth. 260 pages. $49.95 (Oak Knoll Books ref. 64074)
First edition. This comprehensive and well-illustrated work is an invaluable source for anyone interested in prints, drawings, or paper history. The author, John Krill, is the Senior Conservator for Paper at the Winterthur Museum and an international authority on paper. He has written a detailed and interesting account of the evolution and types of paper available to artists in England from the Renaissance to the Regency. Mr. Krill's extensive research goes far beyond the ordinary study of papermaking processes. He delves into the artistic needs for particular types of paper and their textures. First published in 1987, this edition's text has been extensively revised and expanded with over 100 new illustrations from many of the world's major museums. Co-published with the Winterthur Museum.

Jonathan M. Bloom, Paper before print, New Haven (Yale University Press) Winter 2000/2001

320 p., 48 col. and 53 b/w ill.
Like the printing press, typewriter, and computer, paper has been a crucial agent for the dissemination of information. This engaging book presents an important new chapter in paper's history: how its use in Islamic lands during the Middle Ages influenced almost every aspect of medieval life. Focusing on the spread of paper from the early eighth century, when Muslims in West Asia acquired Chinese knowledge of paper and papermaking, to five centuries later, when they transmitted this knowledge to Christians in Spain and Sicily. Jonathan Bloom traces the earliest history of paper - how it was invented in China over 2,000 years ago, how it entered the Islamic lands of West Asia and North Africa, and how it spread to northern Europe. He explores the impact of paper on the development of writing, books, mathematics, music, art, architecture, and even cooking. And he discusses why Europe was so quick to adopt paper from the Islamic lands and why the Islamic lands were so slow to accept printing in return.
Expected date of publication: 2001/11/01
ISBN: 0-300-08955-4 Price: ca. $ 45.00 / Dfl 112.00 / EURO 51.00

Abigail J. Sellen, Harper, Richard H.R., The myth of the paperless office, Cambridge, MA (MIT Press) Autumn 2001

242 p., 30 ill.
Central to Sellen and Harper's investigation is the concept of "affordances"-the activities that an object allows, or affords. The physical properties of paper (its being thin, light, porous, opaque, and flexible) afford the human actions of grasping, carrying, folding, writing, and so on. The concept of affordance allows us to compare the affordances of paper with those of existing digital devices. We can then ask what kinds of devices or systems would make new kinds of activities possible or better support current activities. The authors argue that paper will continue to play an important role in office life. Rather than pursue the ideal of the paperless office, we should work toward a future in which paper and electronic document tools work in concert and organizational processes make optimal use of both.
Expected date of publication: 2001/11/01

Daniel Mosser, Puzzles in paper: concepts in historical watermarks, New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2000

Large 8vo., cloth, dust jacket. 288 pages. Illustrated. $55.00 (Oak Knoll Books ref. 60421)
First edition. This scholarly work examines the past, present, and future of watermark study, ranging through the disciplines of art history and conservation, bibliography, musicology, and philately. This book is a collection of scholarly essays that were presented at the Roanoke International Conference on Watermarks in 1996. Co-published with The British Library.

Leonard N. Rosenband, Papermaking in eighteenth-century France, Baltimore (Johns Hopkins University Press) 2000

240 p., 6 b/w ill., 2 line drawings
Papermaking in nineteenth-century France gives us the history from the workshop up, offering the most comprehensive exploration available of the historical experience of papermaking. Leonard N. Rosenband explains how paper was made and explores the many conflicts and compromises between masters and men. The Montgolfier archives are a rich source of information, providing records of daily output and procedures, including complex rules ranging from the precise hours of meals and prayer to matters of propriety and personal sanitation. They also provide insight into the attitudes of the Montgolfier family and their workers - what they made of their trade, their labor, and one another. This case study of the Montgolfier mill, adding details about technological innovation and shopfloor relations during a time of social unrest, enriches the current debate about the nature and impact of capitalism in France during the years leading up to the French Revolution.
Expected date of publication: 2000/09/04 ISBN 0-8018-6392-9; Price: ca. $ 48.00 / Dfl 119.00 / EURO 54.00

Papermaking science and technology, Helsinki (Finpro Helsinki) 2000

19 vols. The set consists of the following titles: Vol.1. Economics of the pulp and paper industry / Vol. 2. Forest resources and sustainable management /Vol. 3. Forest products chemistry /Vol. 4. Papermaking chemistry /Vol. 5. Mechanical pulping / Vol.6. Chemical pulping /Vol. 7. Recycled fibers and deinking /Vol. 8. Papermaking, part 1. Stock preparation and wet end /Vol. 9. Papermaking, part 2. Drying / Vol.10. Papermaking, part 3. Finishing /Vol. 11. Pigment coating and surface sizing of paper /Vol. 12. Paper and paperboard converting / Vol.13. Printing /Vol. 14. Process control /Vol. 15. Materials, corrosion prevention and maintenance / Vol.16. Paper physics /Vol. 17. Pulp and paper testing /Vol. 18. Paper and board grades / Vol.19. Environmental control.
Die Vereinigung der finnischen Papieringenieure und TAPPI geben dieses Jahr die weltweit umfangreichste Fachbuchreihe für Papierwissenschaft und -technologie in englischer Sprache heraus. Die Buchreihe, bestehend aus 19 Teilen, deckt alle neuesten wissenschaftlichen Entwicklungen und die neueste Technologie des Papiermachens ab. Die ersten neun Bände waren bereits auf Zellcheming-Expo '99 erhältlich. Das gesamte Werk wird bis Ende dieses Jahres fertiggestellt sein.
ISBN: 952-5216-00-4; Price: ca. EURO 2800.00 / Dfl 6171.00

Looking at paper, Ottawa (Canadian Conservation Institute) 2000

300 p., 110 ill.
The Looking at paper symposium in Toronto (1999) brought together paper historians, conservators, scholars, and curators to present research on the examination of paper and the interpretation of its evidence. The 26 papers collected in this book cover papermaking technologies, analytical techniques, research methodologies, and case histories, and will be of interest to anyone working with paper-based collections. Edited transcripts of two of the post-conference workshops focussing on examination of western and oriental papers are also included.
Expected date of publication: 2001/05/10
ISBN -; Price Pbk ca. $ 60.00 / Dfl 149.00 / EURO 68.00

John Bidwell, Fine papers at the Oxford University Press, Leominster (Whittington Press) Autumn 1999

Half-bound in buckram and decorated papers.
The basis of this unusual book is the collection of hand- and mould-made papers that the Whittington Press bought from OUP in 1986. These has lain forgotten and neglected in a separate storeroom until OUP moved its paper warehouse out of Walton Street, and this Aladdin's cave of some 20,000 sheets of sixty different papers came to light, left-overs from books printed at the Press from about 1900 to 1970. An important feature of the book will be the generously sized samples of the forty papers so described, tipped in opposite their descriptions. We have deliberately refrained from using up these papers at Whittington over the last twelve years so that this unique collection could one day be permanently recorded and preserved between the covers of a book. In addition, the sixty-five special copies will contain about thirty additional whole sheets of the papers. The book will also contain contemporary halftone photographs of the interiors and exteriors of a selection of the mills, as well as photographic reproductions of some of the more exotic watermarks among the collection. This will be the most cxomprehesive account of British hand-papermaking to date, and never again will it be possible to issue a book with such a wealth of tipped-in original samples. The size of the edition is determined by the number of samples that are available.
ISBN -; Price: ca. £ 275.00 / Dfl 972.00 / EURO 441.00

Peter Bower, Turner's later papers: A study of the manufacture, selection and use of his drawings papers 1820-1851, London (Tate Gallery Publ.) Spring 1999

136 p., 28 col. and 172 b/w ill.
This book charts the relationship between Turner's often innovative techniques and the grounds he worked on. It documents his complex responses to the rapid changes and increasing sophistication of the design and production of papers for artists. It is no accident that the advent of a generation of great painters in watercolour, Turner, Girtin, Cotman and others, coincided with a time of great change and experimentation in the industries providing them with their raw materials: works by some of Turner's contemporaries are also considered here. The exhibition Turner's later papers takes place at the Tate Gallery, March - June 1999
ISBN Paperback: 1-85437-299-5 PricePbk: ca. £ 25.00 / Dfl 89.00 / EURO 41.00

Henk J. Porck, Rate of paper degradation. The predictive value of artificial aging tests, Amsterdam (European Commission on Preservation and Access) 2000

40 pp., no ill., ISBN 90-6984-306-4, also available as a PDF-file from the ECPA website
This report, based on specialist literature and discussion with experts, aims to provide an overview of the possibilities and limitations of artificial aging analysis. The report is not only intended for those directly involved in conservation science research, but also for those responsible for developing preservation policies. The report shows that some essential questions relating to artificial aging have not been resolved satisfactorily, for instance because there is no method that has been generally accepted as a standard. The author presents recommendations for further study to come to a joint approach of the issue. The report includes an extensive bibliography.

Klaus Roemer, Geschichte der Papiermühlen in Westpreussen und Danzig, nebst einem Anhang für den Netzedistrikt, Münster 2000

Quellen und Darstellungen zur Geschichte Westpreussens, Teil 30. Copies can be ordered at: Copernicus-Vereinigung, Norbertstrasse 29, D-48151 Münster/Westfalen. Price: DM 59
Circa 45 Papiermühlenorte in Westpreussen und Danzig sowie weitere 14 im Netzedistrikt sind erfasst und beschrieben. Eine Einführung in die Papiergeschichte und ein Überblick über die festgestellten Wasserzeichen (52 S.) ergänzen die Angaben zur Papiergeschichte. Ein ausführlicher Index mit näheren Angaben zur Person der Papiermacher und Papiermühlenbesitzer (31 S.) sowie ein Quellen- und Literaturverzeichniss (14 S.), Kartenmaterial und Wasserzeichenabbildungen (ca. 90) vervollständigen die Arbeit.

J. Gullichon and H. Paulapuro, Papermaking science and technology, Helsinki (Finpro Helsinki) 1999

19 vols., ISBN 952-5216-00-4, EURO 2.800

Peter Bower (ed.), The Exeter Papers. Studies in British Paper History: Volume II

Proceedings of the British Association of Paper Historians' Fifth Annual Conference, held at Hope Hall, University of Exeter, 23-26 September 1994.
Paperback, appr. 120 pp., A4 format, with b&w ill.
ISBN 0-9525757-1-X. Publication month: May 2000. Price: 25,00 Pounds excl. of postage and packing. Orders: The Plough Press, 2 manor Way, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 2BD.

Alexandra Soteriou, Gift of conquerors. Hand papermaking in India, New Delhi (Mappin Publ.) 1999

289 pp., ill., ca. $ 82,50 / Euro 79,00, ISBN 0-944142-56-7
Paper is undeniably a vehicle for the flowering of Indian art, literature, history and religion, but where did it come from? Who made it and how? What was their inspiration? How has this ancient craft survived in today's India? Comprehensive and detailed, this book traces the nearly thousand-years history of hand papermaking in India from the ancient sites in Gilgit and the Himalayas through the heartland of Mathura, Agra and Daulatabad to the western sites in Rajasthan and Gujarat to Pondicherry on the Bay of Bengal. Illustrated with numerous colour photographs, the story is revealed through India's visual art: books, miniatures, drawings, scrolls, talismans, papier maché and folk papers. Readers see ancient birch bark papers, luminous mountain papers, fibrous pundit papers, the mysterious snake and deer 'paper', the classic Muslim cloth, jute and hemp papers that supported the tradition of India's great miniature paintings, the Deccan unique marble paper works, pigeon post and paper stencils, and learn of ancient paper recycling. The final chapter focuses on the craft renaissance in which India possesses one of the world's largest work force of hand papermakers. Lists of papermakers throughout India, recipes and methods and a bibliography make this book a rich resource for libraries, historians, artists, paper devotees, crafts people, bibliophiles and collectors.
This description was delivered by Erasmus Book sellers in Amsterdam:

Dagnall, Harry, The Taxation of Paper in Great Britain 1643-1861. A History and Documentation, 1998

Published by the Author (30, Turner Road, Queensbury, Edgware, Middlesex HA8 6AY, UK), in collaboration with The British Association of Paper Historians, 1998. Distributed by The British Association of Paper Historians (White Timbers, Stokesheat Road, Oxshott, Surrey KT22 0PS, UK). ISBN 0-9515497-7-4
X+180pp., 2 full-colour plates, 43 figures, tables, documentary appendices; hardcover; £ 27.50

Books on paper trade history, and especially on the financial aspects of making and selling paper,  are desperately lacking. All the more the author is to be congratulated for his painstaking work which introduces us to the strange world of taxation and red tape, connected with insights into the daily troubles of ancient papermakers. His thoroughly documented description of the evolution of paper duty in Great Britain shows the political and economic backgrounds of taxation as well as the jobs and practice of excise officers and papermakers, including the disclosure of frauds. A lot of technical details, especially in the chapter on stamps and labels, help to appreciate the historical value of surviving documentation. A very comfort to all friends of paper is given by the report that the repeal of paper duty in 1861 was founded mainly on the argument that every paper tax was in fact a tax on knowledge.
Pat Torley, Peter Gentenaar (ed.), Papier en vuur / Fire and paper, Rijswijk (Gentenaar & Torley) 1998

255 p. (text in Dutch and English), ill.
The subject of paper is not enough in itself to bring industry and artist together in a Paper Biennial. Therefore, the VNP (Netherlands' Paper and Board Assocation) and her members decided to adopt this biennial, instead. It provides a unique opportunity to demonstrate the tremendous potential that paper has to fulfill the needs of society, not only when it comes to the, perhaps, more prozaic products like packing material, currency, carriers of communication or toys but also, and above all, the cultural things.
ISBN: 90-804183-1-5; Price: ca. Dfl 90.00 / EURO 41.00

Washi. Handmade paper of Japan, Tokyo (All Japan Handmade Wasi Ass.) 1997

307 samples
Handmade Japanese paper is produced in 400 Washi producing centers in all areas of Japan, from Hokkaido in the north to Okinawa in the south. It is widely produced not only as traditional paper but more contemporary paper for use in art, crafts, folkcrafts, casting and molding are currently being produced. There is a close relation between Washi and traditional Japanese culture. Washi can be found used for a great variety of purposes, calligraphy, painting, printmaking, mounting, fusuma, book printing and window display, etc. Therefore it is necessary to produce a great variety of Washi for these many uses. Recently, the general demand for Washi is increasing: letter papers, envelopes and postcards are made and sold everywhere throughout Japan. In particular, handicrafts such as collages, paper dolls and paper flowers are very elegant and rank with works of fine art. And a large number of handicraft groups have been organized across the country. The sample of papers in this record amounts to 307 masterworks which are produced by papermaking artisans of this association. These papers are only a small part of the whole range of handmade Japanese paper. For information regarding range of papers, please inquire to the Washi producing center in each area. The ringbinder makes it possible to take a paper in and out to feel the subtle variations in characteristics. Each sample has a description in Japanese and English.
ISBN: Price: ca. Dfl 650.00 / EURO 295.00

Found on internet:
Robust 3D DFT video watermarking
Frédéric Deguillaume, Gabriella Csurka, Joe J. K. Ó Ruanaidh, and Thierry Pun, In IS&T/SPIE's 11th Annual Symposium, Electronic Imaging '99: Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents, volume 3657 of SPIE Proceedings, San Jose, California USA, 23-29 January 1999. Paper EI 3657-13 (Program on Multimedia Processing and Applications (to appear).
This paper proposes a new approach for digital watermarking and secure copyright protection of videos, the principal aim being to discourage illicit copying and distribution of copyrighted material. The method presented here is based on the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of three dimensional chunks of video scene, in contrast with previous works on video watermarking where each video frame was marked separately, or where only intra-frame or motion compensation parameters were marked in MPEG compressed videos. Two kinds of information are hidden in the video: a watermark and a template. Both are encoded using an owner key to ensure the system security and are embedded in the 3D DFT magnitude of video chunks. The watermark is a copyright information encoded in the form of a spread spectrum signal. The template is a key based grid and is used to detect and invert the effect of frame-rate changes, aspect-ratio modification and rescaling of frames. The template search and matching is performed in the log-log-log map of the 3D DFT magnitude. The performance of the presented technique is evaluated experimentally and compared with a frame-by-frame 2D DFT watermarking approach.